withTranslation (HOC)

What it does

The withTranslation is a classic HOC (higher order component) and gets the t function and i18n instance inside your component via props.

import React from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';
function MyComponent({ t, i18n }) {
return <p>{t('my translated text')}</p>
}
export default withTranslation()(MyComponent);

While you most time only need the t function to translate your content you also get the i18n instance to eg. change the language.

i18n.changeLanguage('en-US');

The withTranslation HOC will trigger a Suspense if not ready (eg. pending load of translation files). You can set useSuspense to false if prefer not using Suspense.

When to use?

Use the withTranslation HOC to wrap any component (class or function) to access the translation function or i18n instance.

withTranslation params

Loading namespaces

// load a specific namespace
// the t function will be set to that namespace as default
withTranslation('ns1')(MyComponent);
// inside your component MyComponent
this.props.t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1
// load multiple namespaces
// the t function will be set to first namespace as default
withTranslation(['ns1', 'ns2', 'ns3'])(MyComponent);
// inside your component MyComponent
this.props.t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1
this.props.t('ns2:key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns2

Overriding the i18next instance

// passing in an i18n instance
// use only if you do not like the default instance
// set by i18next.use(initReactI18next) or the I18nextProvider
import i18n from './i18n';
const ExtendedComponent = withTranslation('ns1')(MyComponent);
<ExtendedComponent i18n={i18n} />

Not using Suspense

// use tReady prop in MyComponent to check if translations
// are already loaded or not
const ExtendedComponent = withTranslation()(MyComponent);
<ExtendedComponent useSuspense={false} />

How to

use ref (>= v10.6.0)

You can use forwardRefs like:

const Wrapped = withTranslation('translation', { withRef: true })(MyComponent);
// then pass a ref in your render method like
const myRef = React.createRef();
<Wrapped ref={myRef} />;
// use myRef.current to access it

hoist non-react statics

The HOC does not hoist statics itself so you might append those statics manually or by using a module.

Use hoist-non-react-statics yourself:

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';
import hoistStatics from 'hoist-non-react-statics';
class MyComponent extends Component {
static ...
}
export default hoistStatics(withTranslation()(MyComponent), MyComponent);

Or simply hoist the one/two statics yourself:

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';
import hoistStatics from 'hoist-non-react-statics';
class MyComponent extends Component {
static ...
}
const Extended = withTranslation()(MyComponent);
Extended.static = MyComponent.static;
export default Extended;